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What type of fish is in the middle of CaptiveReefs (top left corner of page...hint it is the main character in Finding Nemo) )

PEACOCK MANTIS


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  1. #1

    Default PEACOCK MANTIS

    Tyler asked me if we could feature the peacock mantis. And I thought it was a great idea and so here it is. Tyler (dirt4dinner) is the guy to thank for putting this together. this is a great article.
    Often referred to as a "pest", "alien", "monster" or "nuisance" the Mantis Shrimp has, rightfully-so, earned its self a spot on the "Most Wanted" list by Aquarists world wide. With their ability to hide in tiny spots, hunt at night, and kill most anything it wants, people are more likely to kill them on the spot than to make a nice home for them.
    The Stomatopod is a crustacean, assumed to be a distant relative of shrimp and crabs. However with its alien like body and modified raptorial appendage it has been given the common name of "Mantis Shrimp". The Mantis Shrimp is believed to have split off from the rest of the crustacean's family around 400 million years ago and has evolved into an amazing creature to say the least.
    Some of the things that are overlooked when people consider the Mantis Shrimp are its intelligence, friendly personality, unbelievable anatomy and barbaric hunting style! Let's break this down a little more.
    The Mantis Shrimp is an intelligent hunter and gatherer. It will cleverly camouflage its home, it will hunt with cunning and speed, and most importantly it will do so very successfully. When housing one of these animals you get the feeling that they spend a large portion of their time trying to figure you out, learn about you, and understand what part you play in their life. This is one of the reasons that a Mantis is such an amazing pet, you actually get to learn something about each other. It is said that a Mantis will come to know its owner, most likely because they figure out that you provide food, but either way they acknowledge you when you walk by or approach their tank.
    The anatomy of the Mantis Shrimp is something like a story from a horror movie, or Sci-fi flick; there are two types of Mantis Shrimp which are separated by their raptorial appendage (front legs). One type is a "smasher" and beats its food into submission with a series of lightening fast punches that happen as quickly as 2 milliseconds per hit (a human eye blink takes 100 milliseconds). The smasher mantis (which is the category of the most popularly kept mantis, the Peacock Mantis) has evolved front legs that resemble that of a human elbow and are extended forward to strike at their prey. The other type of Mantis is a "spearer" which has evolved its front legs into what looks like a knife blade with barbs. It uses the same speed and blunt force to spear its prey.
    I have owned my Mantis, Bam Bam, for almost 2 months and have never been more pleased with any salt water critter purchase to date. He is just awe-inspiring to watch, and incredibly exciting when he decides it's time for a meal.
    The Mantis Shrimp tank is a pretty simple setup. A minimum of a 20 gallon tank (preferably acrylic as Mantis Shrimps have been known to break glass tanks), sand bed and several rocks are the basic necessity. Lighting needs to be kept mild as Mantis Shrimp are susceptible to skin diseases caused by intense lighting. A hiding spot is a must so the Mantis can get out of the direct light, and they are naturally nocturnal and in need of a tight hiding spot during the day. A protein skimmer is almost a necessity unless you are incredibly diligent in your water changes as the Mantis Shrimp can be a sloppy eater. Water flow doesn't need to be anything more than a small power head.
    Depending on the species you are housing they can be feed small crustaceans, such as hermit crabs, or other small crabs as well as frozen meaty foods, mysis shrimp, brine shrimp, snails or small fish. In Bam Bam's case I keep a ready supply of small to medium hermit crabs in the tank, as well as snails for algae clean up/ food and then I also have 3 small damsels which he has ignored so far.
    I would like to open this thread to discussion and questions! I am, by no means, an expert but the information is out there and I will gladly help you find your answers. There is one leading expert in the field of Stomatopods and that is Dr. Roy Caldwell at U.C. Berkley. His website is a wealth of knowledge and I encourage you to log on and learn what you can.
    I have just scrapped the surface of the Mantis Shrimp in this intro, but I have done this an effort to open the eyes of some people who have considered doing a small species specific tank in the future. Bam Bam's tank is plumbed onto my display tank as an active refugium and species tank for him.
    The bottom line is, I enjoy Bam Bam so much I want to make sure I spread the word about what a wonderful pet these critters can be
    fulltankshot 1 - PEACOCK MANTIS

  2. #2

    Default

    one more pic
    fulltankshot 1 - PEACOCK MANTIS

  3. #3
    Whoyah - Reefkeeper CR Member
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    Grants Pass, OR
    Posts
    1,267

    Default

    Something that should also be mentioned is a mantis shrimp have been know to use those powerful claws on there keepers. Beware when you have your hands in the tank.

  4. #4
    hummer - Reefkeeper CR Member
    Join Date
    Nov 2006
    Location
    seneca ,IL
    Posts
    1,044

    Default

    it dose look totaly cool..

    what are the white sacks on the under side of him?
    :: hummer :nemo

  5. #5

    Default

    that is an egg clutch hummer, And Shad you are soooo right buddy. That is why alot of the people who collect them call them "thumb splitters" OUCH!!!!
    fulltankshot 1 - PEACOCK MANTIS

  6. #6

    Default

    Greg,
    Thanks for getting this posted so quick! I found a couple other pictures that are of the Peacock without the eggs. If anyone has any questions about tank set ups for these guys, I have learned A TON in the last 2 months while I was getting ready for Bam Bam.
    When my hands are in his tank I definatly keep an eye open for him to come sneaking up on me. But as long as you stay away from his burrow he doesn't seem to notice that I am messing with the tank. He is still pretty shy, when I walk by his tank he usually dives into his burrow and hides in the shadows. I am hoping to get some photos of him as soon as I can. But it's tough when he doesn't hold still in the open much, he is usally on the move or hiding. It's also tough because his tank is pretty scratched up (it was a freebie) and photos come out a little blurry because of it.
    ...I think my fish just farted.
    [SIGPIC][/SIGPIC]
    Our little corner of the www.
    My Space on Myspace.com
    My Mountain Bike Team

  7. #7

    Default

    ....Mantis,sure are some beutiful Creatures,aren' they
    ....................Mickey

  8. #8

    Default

    Even more beautiful when they are staring at you from a tank in your house. Pictures don't do them justice...it's so fun to watch them go about their day. They move unlike anything I have ever seen. Mine even likes to swim around the tank...which looks pretty weird. He will climb the foam on one wall and then go shooting across the tank about 1" under water. Awsome awsome awsome!
    ...I think my fish just farted.
    [SIGPIC][/SIGPIC]
    Our little corner of the www.
    My Space on Myspace.com
    My Mountain Bike Team

  9. #9
    dakar - Reefkeeper CR Member
    Join Date
    Sep 2004
    Location
    Western Louisiana
    Posts
    4,335

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Dirt4dinner View Post
    Greg,
    Thanks for getting this posted so quick! I found a couple other pictures that are of the Peacock without the eggs. If anyone has any questions about tank set ups for these guys, I have learned A TON in the last 2 months while I was getting ready for Bam Bam.

    Please post what you can about what you've learned for suitable habitats, I've added a new section to the front page for Featured Threads that will ultimately become our reference library of threads... the more info we can get in there the better for those researching critters.
    Every electronic device is manufactured with smoke stored deep inside... only a true genius can find a way to set it free.

  10. #10

    Default

    I just touched on suitable habitats in my report on them. Pretty basic.

    -Minimum of 20 gallon acrylic tank w/ lid or over hanging rim as they will climb out if given a chance.
    -Mantis shrimp don't have friends, they have dinner. Keep them alone and expect anything else in the tank to be food.
    -Mild lighting, mild to moderate flow.
    -Should implement a skimmer, canister, or HOB filter as they are messy eaters.
    -Sand and rock is a must, they need to dig and they need to hide.
    -They naturally feed on small hermit crabs, snails, and crabs. So they can be feed those or you can attempt to feed them frozen foods, it just depends on their personality as to what they will eat. Bam Bam will eat anything.
    -They won't bother corals, but due to the fluctuation in water guality I would recommend only the hardiest of corals. Zoas, Xenia and palyps, as well as micro algeas.
    -Watch your fingers if your hands in the tank...don't try to pet the Mantis!

    One of the biggest challanges with Mantis Shrimp is when they molt. When they are molting it is important that you remove anything from the tank that could attack them at this time when they are most vulnerable. If your Mantis is having a bad molt it is important that you let nature run it's course. Trying to help a Mantis with it's molt can stress it to the point of death. It is not uncommon for a Mantis to not survive a molt in captivity. Many people have never had a problem, and then others don't have the same luck. Don't let it scare you away...just make sure to remove all hermits and crabs from the tank while your Mantis molts and leave him/ her alone to get through the molt on their own.
    ...I think my fish just farted.
    [SIGPIC][/SIGPIC]
    Our little corner of the www.
    My Space on Myspace.com
    My Mountain Bike Team

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